Microstrip antennas are becoming very widespread within the mobile phone market patch antennas are low cost have a low profile and are easily fabricated consider the microstrip antenna shown in figure 1 fed by a microstrip transmission line the patch antenna microstrip transmission line and ground plane are made of high conductivity metal . Microstrip patch antennas or simply patch antenna are increasingly useful because the antenna is printed directly onto a circuit board additional benefits of patch antennas is that they are easily fabricated making them cost effective their low profile design often square or rectangular allows them to be mounted to flat surfaces. The size of a microstrip antenna is inversely proportional to its frequency at frequencies lower than microwave microstrip patches dont make sense because of the sizes required at x band a microstrip antenna is on the order of 1 centimeter long easy to realize on soft board technology
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